Personal Loan Interest Rate in India
Published on : February 28, 2024

Interest rates on personal loans indicate the annual cost of borrowing money. These rates are set by lenders considering market conditions and the borrower’s creditworthiness.

Borrowers have the option to use a personal loan EMI calculator to estimate their monthly repayment obligations. Interest rates have a big influence on the total cost of the loan, therefore, it’s important for borrowers to compare them so they can choose the best loan option for their needs.

Borrowers must understand the factors that affect interest rates on personal loans because these rates are set annually and depend on several aspects, such as creditworthiness and market conditions.

What is the Personal Loan Interest Rate?

The total interest amount that borrowers pay on a personal loan depends on the personal loan interest rate. These rates are determined by lenders using a number of variables, including as the borrower’s creditworthiness and the state of the market. Because borrowers are expected to repay both the principal amount and the interest, this rate has a substantial impact on the total cost of the loan. Borrowers can estimate monthly repayments using an emi calculator to evaluate the financial implications.

Charges on Personal Loan

FeesApplicable Charges
Rate of Interest 12% – 24%
Processing Fees 2% + GST
Bounce Charges₹ 550
Pre-Payment Charges 4% + GST if foreclosed within 180 days from the date of disbursement post-cooling off period
Penal Interest 36% p.a.
Stamp Duty0.1 % of the loan amount
Mandate Rejection ChargesDepends on the Participating bank
Broken Period Interest / Pre – EMI InterestDepends on loan amount, date of disbursement 

How to Calculate Interest Rate for Personal Loan

The basic formula to calculate personal loan interest is:

Interest = Principal x Interest Rate / 100

For eg, Mr Z takes a personal loan of Rs. 5 Lakh at an interest rate of 15% per annum to be paid back in 5 years.

Monthly Interest = Rs. 6250 per month
Principal to be paid each month = 6250
Principal + Interest = Total EMI
6250 + 5645 = Rs. 11,895

Factors Affecting Personal Loan Interest Rates


One important aspect affecting the personal loan interest rate is the borrower’s income. Lenders frequently use income levels as an indicator for their ability to repay loans. Since higher salaries demonstrate a greater ability to pay off financial obligations, they may lead to lower interest rates.

Repayment History

The interest rate for a personal loan is highly dependent on the borrower’s repayment history. Lower interest rates are often obtained by those who have a track record of on-time payments and responsible financial behaviour, which lowers the lender’s perceived risk.

Lender-Borrower Relationship

The interest rate for a personal loan may vary depending on the borrower’s and lender’s current relationship. The significance of building a strong rapport with financial institutions is demonstrated by the possibility of favorable rates or customized offers.

Credit Score

The borrower’s credit score is one of the most important variables. Since a higher credit score denotes a lower credit risk, it may be possible to get lower personal loan interest rates. Credit scores are used by lenders to assess a borrower’s creditworthiness and determine appropriate interest rates.

Debt-to-Income Ratio

The debt-to-income ratio (DTI) is an important statistic that tells the lender what portion of the borrower’s income goes into their monthly debt payments. A DTI of 30% or less is considered favourable by lenders and may result in lower personal loan interest rates.

Tips to Avail Personal Loans at Lower Interest Rates

Maintain a Good Credit Score

Having a good credit score may increase your chances of getting a personal loan at a lower interest rate. To maintain or enhance your creditworthiness, keep a close eye on your credit record, make timely payments, and handle outstanding debts wisely.

Improve Your Credit Report

Lenders closely examine your credit history in addition to your score. To improve your creditworthiness, take steps to pay off any outstanding debts, rectify any mistakes in your credit report, and show that you consistently follow safe financial practices.

Compare Multiple Lenders

Don’t settle for the first lender you come across. Assess conditions, fees, and interest rates offered by various lenders. This guarantees that you see all of your options and makes it easier for you to select the lender with the best terms.

Choose the Right Loan Type

Recognise the various kinds of personal loans that are available, choose the best loan for you based on your requirements.


Making wise financial decisions requires an awareness of the working of personal loan interest rates in India. By considering important variables such as credit score, repayment history, and comparing lenders , borrowers can actively try to secure favorable rates.

People need to adjust their strategy and stay aware of market conditions in order to secure the best personal loan terms as India’s financial landscape changes. By implementing these strategies, borrowers can confidently negotiate the loan market and eventually profit from reduced interest rates and more affordable financial options.


What factors influence personal loan interest rates in India?

Ans: A person’s credit score, income, repayment history, and the lender’s policies are some of the variables that affect personal loan interest rates.

How can I improve my chances of getting a lower interest rate?

Ans. You may increase your chances of getting lower personal loan interest rates by maintaining a high credit score, comparing rates from several lenders, and demonstrating a steady source of income.

Is the interest rate fixed or variable in personal loans?

Ans. Depending on the loan type and the terms provided by the lender, personal loan interest rates in India can be either fixed or variable.

Do prepayments or early repayments affect the interest rate?

Ans. No, prepayments or early repayments do not affect the interest rate directly; however, they can reduce the total interest paid over the life of the loan.

How does my credit score impact the interest rate I receive?

Ans: Since a higher credit score indicates less credit risk to the lender, personal loan interest rates are often lower.